Due to its characteristics, Mendoza has great potential to meet the local and national energy demand, both current and future, with conventional and renewable energy.
Mendoza is protected by provincial and national policies that generate long-term certainty for investors, and offers financial and tax incentives to make investments even more attractive.
Mendoza has great potential for hydrocarbons. It is the fourth most important province in extraction of oil and the sixth one in extraction of natural gas in Argentina. In addition, due to its hydrological and topographic characteristics, it has great potential for the generation of electricity from water resources.
Besides, wind-generated electricity is developing as a result of the National Plan for the Generation of Electric Energy from renewable sources. Moreover, Mendoza has promising possibilities for the installation of solar parks since it is one of the places with greatest solar potential in the planet due to its high heliophany (sunshine duration) and intensity of solar radiation, with over 300 sunny days per year and a great deal of available land with wide areas which are appropriate for the installation of solar power towers.
OIL & GAS
Mendoza is the fourth most important province in
extraction of oil and the sixth one in extraction of
natural gas in Argentina.
It shares, together with the Province of Neuquén,
Vaca Muerta geologic formation (non- conventional
hydrocarbons), which is the third formation in the
world in terms of reserves, just behind the United
States of America and China.
HYDROCARBON ACTIVITY CONTRIBUTES WITH APPROXIMATELY 25 % TO THE PROVINCIAL GRDP
OIL AREAS OF MENDOZA
Reasons for investing in Mendoza’s Hydrocarbons Sector
Great potential in conventional and non-conventional hydrocarbons.
Experience in prospective studies: rich and available exploratory data.
Large number of test wells.
Proper connectivity, infrastructure and services.
Highly-qualified human capital.
Framework law for the activity.
Availability of energy.
Quality of life.
Commitment from the provincial government with the development of the sector.
Since Provincial Decree No. 2205/13 from the Executive Power and its amendments (No. 1892/14), Mendoza has transferred to EMESA the exploratory rights and possible exploitation concessions of the following areas:
CC and B-17-C
Pampa del Tigre
Cerro Manzano A
Cerro Manzano B
Cerro Manzano C
Cerro Manzano D
Cerro Manzano E
Cerro Manzano F
Sierra Azul Sur – Calmuco
Bañados del Atuel
Sierra del Nevado
Lindero de piedra
In 2004, eight of the areas mentioned above were tendered and four Temporary Joint Ventures (UTEs) were set up with investment commitments of USD 50 MM.
Summary of main activities by UTE
ANCHORIS POWER PLANT
Anchoris Power Plant is unique in the world due to its
characteristics. With innovative technology, this power plant
uses Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) from oil wells that are not
connected to the system, using the vented gas as fuel to
supply the engines that generate electrical energy. It requires
200,000 cubic meters per day (m3/d) which used to be
vented in Malargüe wells.
The new Anchoris Power Plant is highly beneficial for Mendoza:
gas royalties income (15 %), Gross Income for production of gas
(2 %) and Gross Income for generation (1 %). Also, its most
important social benefits are the possibility of connecting
departments from the south of Mendoza to the Virtual Gas
Pipeline and the installation of Peak Shaving systems for
reducing seasonal peaks.
The operation plant will have approximately 40 megawatts,
enough to supply 15 thousand homes.
Due to its hydrological and topographical characteristics,
Mendoza Province has great potential for the generation of electricity from water resources. Hydroelectric energy is the second most important source of generation of energy in Argentina. Thermal energy is the first one and it is the main source of generation of energy in Cuyo area, representing 64.4 % of the generated energy. In Mendoza, the generation of energy from water resources represents 60.5 % of the generation in the province, which highlights the importance of this kind of clean energy generation in the local energy matrix.
HYDROELECTRIC AND THERMAL
POWER PLANTS FROM MENDOZA
Due to the distribution of hydroelectric plants,
thermal power plants and transformer stations,
we can observe the strongest area of the oasis:
the main concentration of the equipment
analysed is around Mendoza River.
This kind of generation, from water resources, has a great deal of advantages: from the environmental point of view, it is a renewable energy source that does not emit greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, and from the resource point of view, it allows the irrigation and mitigation of rise, as long as it is provided with a reservoir. Small Exploitations on rivers / canals do not affect this resource, since they take water for the generation and take it back to the course without modifying its characteristics.
Mendoza Province’s five main rivers (Mendoza, Tunuyán, Diamante, Atuel and Grande) and its water supply network offer integral exploitation. Among its main exploitation is the execution of works for the generation of high, medium or low power energy.
EMESA´S ROLE IN HYDROELECTRIC PROJECTS
EMESA’s role is to be the executor of Mendoza Province’ energy policy. Through efficient management, it uses resources to achieve the achievement of the energy Projects that benefit Mendoza.
PROJECTS UNDER CONSTRUCTION
In 2016, EMESA, together with private developers, participated in Round 1 of RenovAr National Program for the Promotion of Generation of Electrical Energy from Renewable Sources and was awarded four Small Hydroelectric Exploitations for a total power of 4.57 MW and total energy of 19 MWh/year.
GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION OF PAH (SMALL HYDROELECTIC EXPLOITATION) AWARDED IN RENOVAR ROUND 1 – MENDOZA PROVINCE
PROJECTS UNDER DEVELOPMENT
EMESA is currently working on the search of private developers and investors interested in carrying out the engineering and optimization of its projects, with new technologies in the framework of the development of Small Hydroelectric Exploitations that will be constructed in Mendoza.
Future small hydroelectric exploitations in Mendoza
TENTATIVE PROJECTS TO BE CONSTRUCTED – MENDOZA
FUTURE LARGE HYDROELECTRIC
PLANTS IN MENDOZA
Regarding large hydroelectric plants, EMESA participates as a consultant of the Provincial Government in the studies and updates of the Hydroelectric Power Plants that will be built in Mendoza, Portezuelo del Viento, El Baqueano, Los Blancos I and II, among others.
Wind- generated Electricity is developing
and has grown strongly in Mendoza as a result of
the National Plan for the Generation of Electricity
from Renewable Sources, consolidated in Rounds 1 and
1,5 of RenovAr, carried out by the Ministry of Energy
and Mines of Argentina in 2016. Wind-Generated
Electricity represents almost 1 % of the national
generation of energy and covers 23 % of all the
electricity generated from renewable sources of
energy. Some of its main advantages are that
it is non-polluting and inexhaustible.
Due to its geographic location and distinctive wind and vegetation, Mendoza Province presents tentative places for the construction of Wind Farms.
EMESA’S ROLE IN WIND ENERGY PROJYECTS
EMESA has been managing measurement campaigns in Mendoza to obtain records of in situ measurement. Currently, there are two anemometric towers, named El Sosneado Measurement Tower and Cerro Nevado Measurement Tower, both of them located in San Rafael Department. These towers are capable of measuring, among other parameters, the wind velocity in three height levels: 30, 60 and 90 meters, and the wind direction in two points: 60 and 90 meters.
In 2016, El Sosneado-Aliwen Wind Farm Project was awarded for 50MW of installed power by Round 1,5 of RenovAr,. Located in El Sosneado area, in the southwest of Mendoza Province, it is intended to reach 100 MW of installed power in a second stage.
PROJECTS UNDER DEVELOPEMENT
EMESA has developed El Sosneado Wayra Wind Farm Project, with an installed power of 24 MW, with the possibility of reaching 50 MW. It is located in El Sosneado area, in the southwest of Mendoza Province.
The Earth receives great deal of energy from the sun,
of which only around 40 % can be harnessed.
However, this figure is a lot higher than the energy
that is consumed annually in the world.
Solar energy is one of the most promising types
of energy in Argentina since it has several benefits:
it is clean, available and inexhaustible and,
apart from that, it generates employment.
It requires a simple kind of technology
and can be implemented in all the regions
ANNUAL SOLAR RADIATION
Energy harnessing is conditioned by the radiation intensity received by the Earth, the daily and annual cycles and the climatological conditions of each place. Even though it is true that it is an intermittent energy source, its impact has been minimized by technology.
Specifically, solar energy is the kind of energy resulting from solar radiation, through conversion to heat or electricity with the use of different devices. It includes solar thermal energy (as in the case of water heaters or solar collectors) and photovoltaic solar energy.
Photovoltaic technology allows the conversion of solar radiation to electricity due to the photoelectric effect that takes place in some semiconductor materials sensitive to solar light.
The photovoltaic energy solar market is at its peak in Argentina. The biggest challenge is to harness solar energy and convert it into electricity efficiently and conveniently from an environmental and economic perspective.
Photovoltaic generation systems can be classified into two big groups, depending on whether they are connected to the grid (on Grid) or not (off Grid). Nowadays the main difference is in the possibility of energy storage in the off Grid system.
SOURCES OF GENERATION IN ARGENTINA IN 2016
In Argentina, around 1 % of the energy generated annually results from renewable sources such as solar and wind energy. Currently, due to the different types of provincial and national encouragement to diversify the energy matrix and incorporate more alternative sources of energy, the use of new technologies, of which photovoltaic technology has a key role, is developing and growing fast.
The main advantage of electricity generation from renewable sources is the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions when it is used as an alternative and / or complement of other systems of electricity generation that pollute the environment.
As energy demand is growing, the costs and benefits provided by the encouragement to generate electricity from renewable sources, mainly, photovoltaic energy, encourage the creation of electricity generation projects. Proper installed and efficient capacity contributes to the supply of the provincial demand, appropriate electricity distribution and the decrease of the need to use fossil fuels for electricity generation in a significant way.
Mendoza presents ideal conditions for the development of solar energy, both due to its location and its global radiation characteristics.
EMESA is determined to participate in the development and use of alternative sources of energy to promote and encourage sustainable and high-quality electricity supply. The company is participating in the development of projects involving photovoltaic solar technology.
In 2016, and regulated by Round 1,5 of RenovAr Program, Emesa was awarded six projects distributed across the whole province, with approximately 106.6 MWCC.
SOLAR PROJECTS • RENOVAR • Round 1,5
PORTFOLIO OF PROYECTS
Currently, EMESA has a broad portfolio of photovoltaic projects with around 627.5MW of nominal power. Some of them are:n:
- PSFV Capiz I
- PSFV El Quemado I, II, III and IV
- PSFV General Alvear II
- PSFV La Paz II
- PSFV Lavalle II
- PSFV Luján de Cuyo II
- PSFV Malargüe
- PSFV Zapata I and II.